Monday, May 25, 2020
Steroids or anabolic steroids are drugs containing hormones or similar substances, which are used to increase strength and grow muscles (Donald Talmadge 1998). When first developed in Europe in the 30s, they were used to treat under-nourished patients and induce their healing after surgery. It was in the 50s that competitive weightlifters discovered steroids to improve athletic performance. Athletes of other sports took after them, so that gradually, at least one out of15 male high school seniors in the US has used the drugs. Some of them just want to increase strength and size, while others want to grow up faster to catch up with peers. Anabolic steroids can be bought over the counter in some countries, but a doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s prescription is required in the United States (Donald Talmadge). Like other hormones, steroids are synthesized in the cells of an endocrine gland, secreted into the blood stream and then travel to the target organs (Scovell 2004). Their hydrophobic nature makes a muscle cell store more nitrogen, which facilitates muscle growth. They are rela ted to the male sex hormone, androgen. Although it is illegal to keep or distribute these drugs for non-medical purposes, many professional and amateur athletes take them to improve performance. The danger appears to lie specifically in the un-regulated dosage. Athletes take as many as 100 times the prescribed or regulated dose for medical use. This exposes the users to both short-term and long-term healthShow MoreRelatedThe Use of Ergogenic Compounds to Improve Athletic Performance1609 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesevidence to improve strength or endurance. The use of drugs and other substances has persisted for nearly a century. Ergogenic aids are used to improve an athleteÃ¢â¬â¢s performance in as many ways as possible. This includes: Ã § Physiological aids Ã § Nutritional aids Ã § Mechanical aids Ã § Pharmacological/ hormonal aids Ã § Psychological aids The purpose of all these different substances, training advantages is as they give an improvedRead MoreAdolescence And Its Effects On Adult Behavior Essay1585 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAdolescence is a turbulent time in every individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life, containing marked behavioral and biological changes as the brain rapidly develops into its mature form. This period overlaps with puberty, the process of attaining sexual maturation, and throughout its progression intricate differences between the two sexes are revealed that were not previously apparent. (Spear, 2000; TEXTBOOK) It is thought that adolescence is a necessary process, a period of transition through which individuals prepareRead MoreDrug Classification System ( Atc )904 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNovember 30, 2016 Drugs In pharmacology, a pharmaceutical drug, also called a medication or medicine, is a chemical substance used to treat, cure, prevent, or diagnose a disease or to promote well-being. Traditionally drugs were obtained through extraction from medicinal plants, but more recently also by organic synthesis. Pharmaceutical drugs may be used for a limited duration, or on a regular basis for chronic disorders. Pharmaceutical drugs are often classified into groups of related drugs that have similarRead More The Impact of Performance Enhancing Drugs on Sports Essay3446 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesThe Impact of Performance Enhancing Drugs on Sports One of the major issues in the news recently has been the use of performance enhancing substances in sports. This topic has been the subject of many front-page headlines in many publications, from sports magazines to newspapers. A recent scandal involving a San Francisco Bay Area laboratory, BALCO Laboratories, has brought this issue to the forefront, and its really gotten a lot of attention because this case has led to a 42 count federalRead MorePerformance Enhancing Drugs And Supplements Plague The Athletic Playing Field Worldwide2011 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageswin, is real; it is embodied by the usage of performance enhancing drugs. Blood doping increases the count of red blood cells in the body, anabolic steroids accelerate the growth of muscle and strengthen the bones, and stimulants increase alertness, competitiveness, aggressiveness and reduce fatigue. All of these materials have clear benefits but the health implications are still very present. Many cases of injury from these su bstances have consequences as serious as death. Athletes worldwide put theirRead MoreErgogenic Aids Essay3570 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesErgogenic aids are substances or devices that enhance energy production, for use for recovery and provide athletes with a competitive advantage. Numerous ergogenic aids claim to enhance sports performance and are used by amateur and professional athletes. Approximately 50 percent of the general population has reported taking some form of dietary supplements, while 76 to 100 percent of athletes in some sports are reported to use them. Physicians can evaluate these products by examining four factorsRead MoreAloe : Plant, Burn Aloe, Aloe2007 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthe plant from animal consumption. Gel - Containing 99% water and 1% glucomannans (a type of water-soluble fibre), amino acids (building blocks of protein), lipids (fats), sterols (solid steroids found in plant/animal fats, eg.cholesterol) and vitamins. This clear gel is what is useful to humans. It is comprised of two parts: Mucilage Gel Ã¢â¬â The outer part of the gel collected for the production of aloe gel. Inner Gel Ã¢â¬â The inner part of the gel containing amino acids. Scent: The plant and its gelRead MoreThe Importance Of Access For Safe And Abundant Clean Water1934 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagescontaminants on the water supply. Close to 70% of Americans take at least one prescription drug, and that number has been steadily increasing over the past several decades1. With this high level of ingestion of both prescription and over the counter medications, consideration of the total lifetime effect of pharmaceuticals in the environment is paramount. After consumption or disposal of medications, the drugs typically accrue in the water supply. Once in environmental waters, these potent chemicalsRead More The Miracle Cure or Nightmare Drug? Essay3213 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesThe Miracle Cure or Nightmare Drug? I. Introduction It is pretty safe to say that the majority of the population, if given the opportunity, would like to be in good physical shape. For men itÃ¢â¬â¢s the perfect Ã¢â¬Å"VÃ¢â¬ shape, with muscles so finely sculpted, Michelangelo himself would be hard-pressed to mold a finer figure out of clay. For women, the desired look is the Ã¢â¬Å"hour glassÃ¢â¬ figure, with voluptuous breasts, thin and firm abs, and sharply defined legs. Of all those who desire to haveRead MoreSocm Study Guide Essay30404 Words Ã |Ã 122 Pagesadaptability) B. Growth Ã¢â¬â over a lifetime, organisms grow larger through an increase in size or number of cells. Differentiation is when cells have specialized functions C. Reproduction Ã¢â¬â Organisms reproduce, creating subsequent generations of similar organisms D. Movement Ã¢â¬â Organisms are capable of movement a. Internal Ã¢â¬â moving food, blood, or other materials internally b. External Ã¢â¬â moving through environment E. Metabolism Ã¢â¬â Organisms rely on complex chemical reactions
Friday, May 15, 2020
The alcohol that you can drink, called ethyl alcohol or ethanol, is produced by fermenting carbohydrates, such as sugars and starches. Fermentation is an anaerobic process used by yeast to convert sugars into energy. Ethanol and carbon dioxide are waste products of the reaction. The reaction for the fermentation of glucose to produce ethanol and carbon dioxide is: C6H12O6 Ã¢â â 2C2H5OH 2CO2 The fermented product (e.g., wine) can be used, or it can be distilled to concentrate and purify the alcohol (e.g., vodka, tequila). Where Does Alcohol Come From? Just about any plant matter can be used to produce alcohol. Here are the source materials for several popular alcoholic beverages: Ale:Ã Fermented from malt with hopsBeer:Ã Brewed and fermented from malted cereal grain (e.g., barley), flavored with hopsBourbon:Ã Whiskey distilled from a mash of not less than 51 percent corn and aged in new charred oak barrels for at least two yearsBrandy:Ã Distilled from wine or fermented fruit juiceCognac:Ã Brandy distilled from white wine from a specific region of FranceGin:Ã Distilled or redistilled neutral grain spirits from a variety of sources, flavored with juniper berries and other aromaticsRum:Ã Distilled from a sugarcane product such as molasses or sugarcane juiceSake:Ã Produced by a brewing process using riceScotch:Ã Whiskey distilled in Scotland typically from malted barleyTequila:Ã A Mexican liquor distilled from blue agaveVodka:Ã Distilled from a mash of potatoes, rye, or wheatWhiskey:Ã Distilled from a mash of grain such as rye, corn, or barleyWine:Ã Fermented juice of fresh grapes and/or other fruit (e.g., blackberry wine) Any material that contains sugars or starches could be used as a starting point for fermentation to produce alcohol. Difference Between Distilled Spirits and Fermented Beverages Although all alcohol is produced from fermentation, some beverages are further purified via distillation. Fermented beverages are consumed as is, possibly after filtration to remove sediments. The fermentation of grain (beer) and grapes (wine) can produce other byproducts, including toxic methanol, but they are present in low enough amounts that they dont typically cause health problems.Ã Distilled beverages, called spirits, start out as fermented beverages, but then distillation occurs. The liquid is heated at a carefully controlled temperature to separate components of the mixture based on their boiling points. The portion that boils at a lower temperature than ethanol is called the heads. Methanol is one of the components removed with the heads. The ethanol boils next, to be recovered and bottled. At a higher temperature, the tails boil. Some of the tails may be included in the final product because these chemicals add unique flavor. Sometimes additional ingredients (coloring and flavoring) are added to distilled spirits to make the final product. Fermented beverages usually have a lower alcohol content than spirits. A typical spirit is 80 proof, which is 40 percent alcohol by volume. Distillation may be considered a method of improving the purity of alcohol and of concentrating it. However, because water and ethanol form an azeotrope, 100 percent pure alcohol cant be obtained by simple distillation. The highest purity of ethanol that can be obtained by distillation is called absolute alcohol.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Student Name: Huanbing Zhang Student Number: 999611503 JGE 331 Book Review (what every environmentalist needs to know about capitalism) To begin this critical review of this book, the brief and precise introduction and summary of the whole book is needed before discussing with the authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ main arguments. However, this book is mainly emphasizing the magic relations between the capitalism and current environmental problems. In the other words, while there are some people who argued that the capitalism thinking is necessarily required for addressing all of the problem, not just environmental ones, human are encountering the authors argued for the opposite side of that, especially in terms of such all of environmental issues that the authors have listed in chapter one as Ã¢â¬Å"rapid speed of the melting glacier, ocean acidification due to the increase in carbon dioxide emissions, loss of biodiversity, ground water pollution and deplete, changed natural land patternÃ¢â¬ (p. 14), the capitalism instead is a rooted problem that makes these environmental issues worse. Following that, the authors gave the enough amounts of evidences explaining why capitalism thinking changed the way in which people lived from getting natural resources for their basic necessity to unlimited calling for the never enough for luxury life. Therefore, as the needs for natural resources grew infinitely the authors thought that it is no doubt that the environmental issues would be worse with capitalism thinkingShow MoreRelated`` This Changes Everything : Capitalism Vs. The Climate ``1799 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesattempts with her book Ã¢â¬Å"This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the ClimateÃ¢â¬ , attempts to reboot contemporary thinking around this notion. The author is an award-winning activist journalist and author of the world s best bestsellers No logo, no space, no choice, no work and Shock Doctrine. How Modern Capitalism Uses Natural Disasters and Social Crises. She is engaged with several liberal magazines, including Rolling Ston e and The Guardian. Ã¢â¬Å"This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the ClimateÃ¢â¬ Read MoreAn Analysis Of Naomi Klein s Writing On Climatic Change Versus Capitalism1988 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageshas changed the thoughts and beliefs of quite some people in her book This Changes Everything. Her writing on climatic change versus capitalism has transformed many peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s mindsets through the various solutions that she has provided. Naomi points out many helpful solutions in her book, but then not all of them are useful to the people as discussed. The cause of this uncertainty is the provision of incomplete information in her book. However, there are some critiques of her writing which includeRead MoreThis Changes Everything Book Analysis. Ã¢â¬Å"This Changes Everything:1980 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThis Changes Everything Book Analysis Ã¢â¬Å"This Changes Everything: Capitalism Vs The ClimateÃ¢â¬ is written by Naomi Klein and explores the devastating effects of climate change and how people worldwide are refusing to take action to fix it. The main topics that the book covers include the way that people look away from climate change issues to serve their own needs. She also covers how the Government has not bothered to tackle the issues of climate change due to the greed and selfishness that humans holdRead MoreThe 1988 Free Trade Agreement1931 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthe 1988 free trade agreement with the United States of America is to ask a complicated question that is likely to garner a different answer from each respondent. The best that one can do when analyzing the multitude of components that led to this agreement is to eliminate any pre-conceived notions that they may hold about liberalized trade, and attempt to objectively assess the issues that this country faced in the years leading up to 1988. Free trad e between Canada and the US is likely one of theRead MoreEssay on Should Polluters Pay For Polluting? 1998 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThesis: If polluters are harming the environment, the pollution is a moral danger to the ecosystem and should be resolved. If polluters can pay economic compensation for their disruption of the environment, this will not necessarily resolve the problems of the environment. Three authors in this essay offer different perspectives on the issue of making polluters pay, their explicit views of this subject are not observably mentioned in their work, just different positions for and against the ideaRead MorePolitical Risk Management and Insurance: A Contextual Comparison12751 Words Ã |Ã 51 PagesAbstract This dissertations presents concept of political risk in the context of Efficient Market Theory (Hypothesis) and State capitalism. The paper explores the link between the three ways of insuring political risk to economic theories. Using case study of a multinational firm the political regime and its effect has been explored on business situations and how it can be managed. Political risks are the threats arising for a business due to the actions of a host government. Multinational firmsRead MoreTracing Theoretical Approaches to Crime and Social Control: from Functionalism to Postmodernism16559 Words Ã |Ã 67 PagesMany individuals played an important role in the production of this thesis, and I would like to take this opportunity to note my heartfelt appreciation. First, I am indebted in particular to my entire family; most importantly, Mom; every path I have taken has been to make you proud, and I hope to fulfill your dreams through my shoes. I would also like to thank my sister Michelina, Joel, Dad, Nanny, Ken Jarret, Uncle Ian Aunt Kari, my guardian angel Thomas, Gran my late GrampyÃ¢â¬âwithout yourRead MoreEnvironment: Energy Development and Environmental Problems11602 Words Ã |Ã 47 Pagesemissions today, much of such emissions are from industrial activity from companies owned by rich nations. --Physical location is thus not as important as national ownership. | Ability | It is the rich nations who possess most of the technological know-how and financial means to deal with environmental catastrophe and to research possible alternative energy solutions. It is also the rich nations who are able to most help the developing nations when it comes to coping with the consequences of globalRead MoreSience23554 Words Ã |Ã 95 Pages and answer the following questions. 1. What is the greenhouse effect? 2. How does it relate to climate change? 3. Draw and label the greenhouse effect. 4. Scroll down to the section Ã¢â¬Å"The Greenhouse Effect is Natural. What do we have to do with it?Ã¢â¬ What are some ways that humans are thought to be contributing to climate change? 5. Scroll down to the section Ã¢â¬Å"Small Average Global Temperature Change can have a Big Impact.Ã¢â¬ (Do not use the large mapRead MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words Ã |Ã 846 Pagesterms agreed with the appropriate reprographics rights organization. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the scope of the above should be sent to the Rights Department, Oxford University Press, at the address above You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover and you must impose the same condition on any acquirer British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Data available Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication Data Data available Typeset by SPI Publisher Services
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the Teams are Critical to Organisational Effectiveness? Answer: Introduction: Although few scholars differentiate between the work groups and the work teams, but there is as such no distinction between the two terms. Work teams and groups are composed of atleast two members and sometimes more than two members. Teams are mostly there to perform the tasks organizationally and all the team members have the same goals. The members of the group interact socially and they communicate to make the goals of the organization successful. The members of the team influence each other for the overall improvement in the performance of the individual as well as the organization (Digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu, 2015). A team is a grouping of people where each and every member of the group possesses a certain expertise. The members of the team are capable of individual decision making and they work in mutual understanding towards the betterment of the organization. The purpose of the team is to is to achieve the goal of the organization (Zaccaro, Rittman and Marks, 2015). Teams in a contemporary workplace The organizations day by day are becoming leaner, flatter and more agile. The main job of the organization is to satisfy the needs of the customers. The jobs are becoming too critical with each passing day. The jobs in the organization are becoming time bound and global in nature. These factors are making it difficult for the employees in the organization to work individually on a particular job. The contemporary workplace is seeing the teams as the basic unit of work in the work place. In todays world, the companies are trying deliberately to remain competitive in the business (Glasl and Ballreich, 2015). The companies are deliberately trying to reduce the work force as well as restructuring the organization people and processes. The effectiveness of the teams within the organization is based on the structure of the organization, the contribution of the individual members of the team and the processes of the team. The organizational structure is based on the following areas like specified tasks, adequate resources, distinct roles, suitable leadership, clear purpose, appropriate culture and relevant members. The above structural characteristics are discussed below: Specified tasks- the teams of the organization need to perform specific tasks in the organization and contribute to the organization. The teams need to have purpose, attitude and ability to do a job (Organizational Effectiveness Discovering How to Make It Happen, 2015). The tasks of the teams must be motivating enough and the members of the team must share the responsibility for the achievement. For example a health care team must clearly define the complex and the inter-related patient care regime which each member of the team must perform and address to. Adequate resources- the teams in the organization must be provided with enough resources. The resources can be financial resources, professional education and technical support. The cost for creating and maintaining a team needs to be sufficiently recognized and the adequately resourced. Distinct roles- the roles of the individual members of the team needs to be clarified and as well as understood by all the members. It is also to be kept in mind that the roles of the people in the team are influenced by the individual expectations, interpersonal and organizational factors (MICKAN and RODGER, 2015). The individuals need to settle their roles in the organization so that they are able to perform meaningful and unique tasks; as well the roles of the individuals in the team can be interchanged. Suitable leadership- if the tasks of the team are critical then the team needs to have a leader. The teams stage of progress should be reflected by the Leadership. The leaders need to have a focus on the vision of the company. They should facilitate the setting of the goal, evaluate achievements and educate. The team members become confident enough if the leaders carry out their responsibility properly. Clear purpose- the members of the team needs to have a clear mission statement, a particular behavior and assumptions of the work being undertaken. When the mission statement of the organization are circulated and the members of the team are fully aware of it then only the team will be able motivated and engaged in the work and take forward the goals of the organization. Appropriate culture- the teams of the organizations need to have integration and recognition in the organization (Schroeder, 2015). The organizations on the other hand should clearly define the expectation and the accountability for all the members of the team. The cultural needs of the organization are to transform the shared values of the organization into the behavioral norms. Relevant members- the teams in the organizations should have the right number of people in the team. The members of the team need to have an appropriate mix of the interpersonal skills as well as the urgency of the delivery of the tasks (Member Roles and Team Effectiveness within Large Hospitality Organisations, 2006). There must be a homogenous and a heterogeneous mixture of the skills, backgrounds and the interests is preferred by the company. How the organizations utilize the teams A large number of the organizations embraced the use of teams in the workplace. It is very common to hear that the companies are committed to build a culture which is team based. The companies use their teams for every aspect of their business. They are engaged from process improvement to improving the quality of the products and also to innovate, to develop the products and also corporate celebrations (Innovation in Organisations, 2012). It was seen in an survey that the companies engage the teams on special projects as well as in the handling of the improvements and the innovation tasks. The work of the organization is accomplished by the teams who are seen by the companies as a vehicle for the enhancement of the profitability and the productivity. Obstacles to the organization effectiveness The success of the business or the company is aligned with how far the employees of the company are associated with the strategic goals of the company. To achieve a sustainable effectiveness of the organization the companies must make the teams understand the parts that the individual members of the organization needs to do. The company should also engage the team to various jobs in the organization. The strategic alignment can be achieved by a fit-for purpose model which is capable for an effective people and work culture and system. Every organization despite of the country or the industry seeks effective results which are of superior quality. Several business strategies are built to achieve those. These strategies are centered on the teams who make the goals of the company being fulfilled (Katz and Lazer, 2015). If the structure, leadership, roles and capability of the teams are not aligned then the organizations face trouble in implementing their strategies. The organizations needs to have effective leadership skills which will in turn enable the employees to be more engaged in the work and they are more willing to work for the and help the organization in achieving the goals. It can be said that the teamwork is a complicated phenomenon. The organization needs to be supportive and the individual contribution of the team needs to be realized for an effective team work. Every team needs to have clear purpose in order to be effective. When the mission of the organization is in sync with the purpose of the teams then the teams can be more supported, integrated and resourced (Mealiea and Baltazar, 2015). The team members also need to recognize as well as value their contributions in the team. Once a team has developed a clear structure of their works, they need to maintain that position through clear co-ordination and communication (Team Communication, 2015). Obstacles to the team effectiveness The organization employs the teams in order to boost the effectiveness and the productivity. It needs to be kept in mind that by only putting a team in work does not ensure any productivity or good result. The teams are a complex structure; they are dynamic and thriving entities which completes with problems and personalities of their own. The communication and the relationship issues get magnified as the number of members in the team increases. Even if the teams are not trained, they do not have any vision and goal then it can lead to a disaster for the company. Ineffective communication among the members of the team as well as the company leads to the failure of goals and is considered as one of the many barriers to the effectiveness of the team as well the organization (De Meuse, 2015). Without the effective communication the conflicts remained unresolved and the information did not flow out to the company and the effectiveness of the teams was lost. It is not very fruitful to put a team to work without proper training nd it can ultimately lead to failure of the individual as well as the team. The team leader has certain distinct roles to be performed in the team. The leader must have a vision that is aligned to the companys goals and the leader must motivate the members to function effectively in the team. Poor leadership often leads to derailed efforts of the team. Moreover the lack of clarity off the jobs among the members of the team is another barrier to the success of the team. How the business can be effective Every organization is composed of teams which are permanent or temporary. In some organizations the teams are formed when they are needed. Teams are now an integral part of the organization and they are considered as a vehicle for the productivity and the profitability. The teams which are empowered are more likely to work better than an individual working on the same project. The organizations form the teams for the purpose of solving the problems of the business (Teamwork and high performance work organisation, 2015). The teams need to be properly trained and supported with the resources in order for them to work productively and effectively. Firstly the organizations need to train the members of the team in order to start an effective communication. The communication is very essential for the free flow of information within the team and also outside the organization. The roles of the team members need to be defined properly while a new team is prepared. Secondly the company must e mpower the teams to think on their own so that the teams can accomplish what they want to do and what they want to achieve. They must figure out how they will work together and what the end results will look like (Working Well, 2015). The organization only needs to guide the teams in accomplishing their tasks and needs to motivate them to achieve the goals of the organizations. The company must make the team participate in organizational culture by providing a development process and improving the skills of the team members. With higher productivity the satisfaction of the job also increases. With proper guidance the teams are able to participate in creative decision making, improve in the working relationships and flourishing productivity. This will in turn lead to the effectiveness of the business. Conclusion A team becomes successful when the members of the team learn how to work together and they have acceptable and clear goals (The organisational context for teamwork, 2015). There need to be mutual respect within the members of the team and they cooperate and communicate openly with each other and more often. The teams have the potential to become the most powerful driving force behind the success of the organization. But a highly task oriented team is hardly found and it takes time and proper leadership to mature in to an effective team. Once the teams with in the organization shave a well defined and clear structure, the members of the team needs to maintain that by constant cooperation and coordination (The Critical Role of Teams, 2015). There should be constant education and support given to the team and for the development of the team. The team members need to take joint decisions, they need to properly manage the conflict within the team and the company as well as be more effective. All this criteria needs to be incorporated in the team members so that the team is more effective and the teams can contribute to the effectiveness of the company or the organization. It is also necessary for the organization to build an effective team with specialized and skilled people for the effectiveness of the organization. References De Meuse, K. (2015).DRIVING TEAM EFFECTIVENESS(1st ed.). Retrieved from https://www.kornferry.com/media/lominger_pdf/teamswhitepaper080409.pdf Digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu,. (2015). Retrieved 3 March 2015, from https://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1396context=articles Glasl, F., Ballreich, R. (2015).Team and Organisational Development as a Means for Conflict Prevention and Resolution(1st ed.). Retrieved from https://edoc.vifapol.de/opus/volltexte/2011/2581/pdf/ballreich_glasl_handbook.pdf Innovation in Organisations. (2012) (1st ed.). Retrieved from https://www.inventium.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Innovation-in-Organisations-APS-Shelley-Logan.pdf Katz, N., Lazer, D. (2015).Building effective intra-organizational networks: The role of teams(1st ed.). Retrieved from https://www.hks.harvard.edu/davidlazer/files/papers/Lazer_Katz_Building_Effective.pdf Mealiea, L., Baltazar, R. (2015).A Strategic Guide for Building Effective Teams(1st ed.). Retrieved from https://psykol.org/nos/images/0/0c/Building_effective_teams.pdf Member Roles and Team Effectiveness within Large Hospitality Organisations. (2006) (1st ed.). Retrieved from https://vuir.vu.edu.au/418/1/02whole.pdf MICKAN, S., RODGER, S. (2015).Characteristics of effective teams: a literature review(1st ed.). Retrieved from https://tlmerrill.pbworks.com/w/file/fetch/85213915/Mickan%20and%20Rodger%20-%20Characteristics%20of%20Effective%20Teams.pdf Organizational Effectiveness Discovering How to Make It Happen. (2015) (1st ed.). Retrieved from https://www.right.com/thought-leadership/research/organizational-effectiveness-discovering-how-to-make-it-happen.pdf Schroeder, D. (2015).Organizational Effectiveness(1st ed.). Retrieved from https://www.right.com/capabilities/organizational-effectiveness/preparing-your-workforce-for-change-a-strategy-for-success.pdf Team Communication. (2015) (1st ed.). Retrieved from https://www.johnwiley.com.au/highered/eunson2e/site/downloads/sample_chapter.pdf Teamwork and high performance work organisation. (2015) (1st ed.). Retrieved from https://eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_files/ewco/reports/TN0507TR01/TN0507TR01.pdf The Critical Role of Teams. (2015) (1st ed.). Retrieved from https://www.kenblanchard.com/img/pub/pdf_critical_role_teams.pdf Working Well. (2015) (1st ed.). Retrieved from https://www.comcare.gov.au/forms_and_publications/publications/%20safety_and_prevention/?a=41369 Zaccaro, S., Rittman, ,., Marks, M. (2015).Team leadership(1st ed.). Retrieved from https://www.qub.ac.uk/elearning/media/Media,264498,en.pdf
Sunday, April 12, 2020
10 Classification Essay Topics on Globalization Welcome to our first guide, i.e. 10 facts for classification essay on globalization, where you would be looking at 10 facts related to globalization. These facts would become the founding stones of your writing. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll use them throughout your classification essay to endorse your content with more knowledge. So make sure you go through them quickly, as you can use them not only to create compelling topics related to globalization, but also expand on them to create full blown essays. As you might know that this manual for writing a classification essay on globalization is based on three guidelines. All of them should be read first before you start writing. We urge you not to skip or skim through the guidelines. Reading them thoroughly will ensure that you have actually composed a well-written classification essay on globalization. All of these guidelines would not only help you to write the essay quickly and effectively, but it will also help you to make it exemplary so your professor or instructor can admire your hard work. Here is what youÃ¢â¬â¢ll learn in our second and third guidelines, respectively: Our second guide, 20 classification essay topics on globalization, discusses 20 topics that are relevant to globalization. These topics allow you to start writing on any one of them. We have also provided a short sample essay that would become your best friend throughout the journey of writing your classification essay. Finally, we have discussed the how-to of the composition of classification essay in our third guide, Writing Guide for Classification Essay on Globalization, which is very informative and beneficial for you to read. By reading this guide, you will know the tips and techniques that can beautify your composition and make your essay sublime. With that said, here are the 10 facts on globalization that you need to know: Businesses and organizations have evolved into more productive and innovative firms. But how far can a firm really reach? According to experts, if a business or an organization starts having a global presence, an international influence or operates on an international level it is known as globalization. This is by far, the peak of the mountain for businesses and organizations. Microsoft is one of the greatest examples. According to a study, which was conducted on the rate of GDP aka gross domestic product, it was found that a 1% increase in globalization led to the GDP growth of 0.10-0.15% which can be in billions of dollars. According to a research, conducted during the period of 1990 to 2012, it was concluded that the value of cross-border goods exchange increased drastically. In 1990, the flow of goods was about 6% of all global trade, whereas in 2012, it was about 24%. Do you know why Chinese currency is so undervalued? Youll be shocked to read this but its a fact that the Chinese Government undervalues its currency willingly. In fact, they undervalue it by 40%. This is because it allows them to gain advantage over their foreign competitors, mainly the United States of America. The rivalry between Samsung and Apple is self-explainable. Globally, Samsung has thrived far more than Apple. Many American businesses have gone out-of-business due to this strategy that China plays. Silicon Valley is the place with the highest impact of foreign entrepreneurs. These entrepreneurs, who came from abroad, have founded more than 40% of technology and engineering start-ups in just 6 years i.e. from 2006 to 2012 making Silicon Valley the biggest home of entrepreneurs, most of whom are successful today. Singapore owns the more regional head offices than the entire world. If you exclude China from the picture then Singapore alone has more than half of all large foreign subsidiaries that emerge from Asia. Globalization started right after Cold War ended. People, from all around the world, mainly politicians and scholars, took notice that there is a high need for countries to make peace and unite. From there, the phenomenon, we call Globalization, was born as countries joined hand to exchange technology and improve quality of education. Internet has become the sensation for billions of people around the world. But it also become one of the biggest tools to unite the world together, what we originally call globalization. It not only affected societies, religions, cultures, but also improved the economy of countries who took part in it. In a 2013 study, it was found that international e-commerce scored more than $1.2 trillion sales, which is nearly 2% of the worlds GDP. Globalization has helped business gain traffic on the internet as well. For example, the website of NBA earned 54% of the traffic from international visitors. This is why most multinational companies prefer to invest in web localization, so they can reach potential audience that is almost as half of what they have reached in the United States. John Yunk, author of Beyond Borders: Web Globalization Strategies, has stated that for multi-national companies, their growth comes from the international traffic. According to a 25-page long white paper, Dreaming with BRICs: The Path to 2050, which came from Goldman Sachs, four countries can have a higher GDP than United States, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan and Germany. These countries are: Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC). The white paper shows that India has the highest chance to have the biggest GDP by 2040 and Brazil, China and Russia will follow that increment respectively. If that happens, it will cause the world to change dramatically. There you have it! We are certain that these 10 facts have helped you get familiar with what globalization really is and what it does to the world. Since we covered up the facts, itÃ¢â¬â¢s time we move onto the next guideline i.e. 20 classification essay topics on globalization. After that, we are going to discuss the how-to of classification essays in our third guide i.e. writing guide for classification essay on globalization, so without further ado, letÃ¢â¬â¢s head to the second guideline. References: Kerkel, L.Ã (2008):Ã TradeÃ andÃ AidÃ Policies:Ã TheirÃ ImpactÃ onÃ Economic DevelopmentÃ inÃ Mozambique,Ã anÃ earlier versionÃ ofÃ theÃ paperÃ publishedÃ atÃ 10 The AnnualÃ ConferenceÃ onÃ GlobalÃ Economic (ConferenceÃ Proceedings,Ã authors: Pertti Haaparanta and Leena Kerkel) RÃ ¼ttimann, B. 2007. Modeling Economic Globalization. A Post-Neoclassic View on Foreign Trade and Competition. MÃ ¼nster: Verlagshaus Monsenstein und Vannerdat. Hirst, P., Thompson, G., Bromley, S. (2015). Globalization in question. John Wiley Sons. Scholte, J. A. (2005). Globalization: A critical introduction. Palgrave Macmillan. Beck, U. (2015). What is globalization?. John Wiley Sons. Hitt, M. A., Ireland, R. D., Hoskisson, R. E. (2012). Strategic management cases: competitiveness and globalization. Cengage Learning. Bhagwati, J. (2007). In defense of globalization: With a new afterword. Oxford University Press.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
The Columbine Massacre essays The Columbine high school massacre took place in April 20, 1999 at Columbine High School in Jefferson County near Littleton, Colorado, United States, when two teenage students, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, executed a planned attacked, killing 12 other students and a teacher before killing themselves (Wikipedia, 2004). It is believed to be the worst school After the shootings, the media painted a picture of the murderers as outcast "nerds" who were unpopular and teased by much of the school's population (Wikipedia, 2004). However, later reports revealed that both Harris and Klebold had both a close circle of friends and a wider informal social group. It was also revealed that anti-gay epithets were directed at them, although their actual sexual orientation was unknown; both had girlfriends at some point, though. Harris and Klebold were members of a clique called the "Trenchcoat Mafia" in which they wore heavy black trench coats. By the time of the shootings, most of the major members of the group had already either graduated or dropped out of Columbine. Since the murders, there have been a variety of theories attempting to explain why Harris and Klebold committed the crime (Cullen, 2004). A popular theory is that the boys, who were known as the "Trench Coat Mafia outcasts" took revenge against the bullies who had made school miserable for them. A second conclusion is that the massacre was inexplicable: It is impossible to understand what drove them to such horrific violence. However, recently, the FBI and its team of psychiatrists and psychologists came to an entirely different conclusion (Cullen, 2004). These experts say that they understand what motivated Harris and Klebold to execute such a crime, and their explanation is different and more troubling than the two conclusions that were previously most widely believed. Three months after the crime took place, the FBI held a meeting ...
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Key Factors that Underpin a Successful Entrepreneurial Team Engaged in Setting up a Business - Essay Example He is also responsible to bring innovation in the business from time to time. All the entrepreneurial activities have to be planned in an effective way for succeeding in the venture. The business plans can range from plans for operation to strategic planning and financial planning. All these plans must be integrated in such a way so that the enterprise could achieve the desired objectives. The various departments should be linked with each other so that a proper coordination can be achieved among them. Nowadays enterprise is not only established by one person but a group of people who have common interest and work for the business. They work as a team in pursuit of the organisational goal. They are the entrepreneurial team. For the success of such type of entrepreneurial teams, every team member must have the qualities of the entrepreneur. They must have the vision, the capacity to arrange the resources and must act as per the plan. Apart from the basic entrepreneurial skills, there are other factors which lead the entrepreneurial teams to success. The success of an entrepreneur or the entrepreneurial team depends upon the success of the enterprise. ... , analysing the competition in the chosen field, analysing the operational work, analysing the human resource requirement, checking the financial viability of the business etc. This is a primary and very important step of setting up a business. Once the business plan is ready the next step is to analyse and take the assistance required for stating the business. The third step is to choose the location of the business. This step requires the analysis of the format of the business and the competitors. The location should be such which could be easily accessible to the customers and the suppli8ers, close to the competitors etc. The next step is to finance the business. This includes arranging the fund for the operations of the venture. Once the finance for the venture is arranged, the next step is to determine the structure of the business. In this step the suitable legal structure is determined according to the government rules and taxation policies and also the viability of the busine ss. The next step is to get the business registered as per the rules and regulations of the state. Once the business is registered, the next step is to register the organisation for the local taxes and the other taxes. After all types of registrations is done one applies for the required licences and permits for operating the business. This is a legal requirement without which an enterprise cannot function in the market. The last step for setting up a new business is to hire the required and efficient human resource needed for the enterprise (US Small Business Administration, No Date). Entrepreneurial process In the previous section the basic steps required for setting up a new business has been discussed. The entrepreneurial process is also to an extent similar to those steps. The